Saturday, September 19, 2009

Happy Belated 500th Birthday John Calvin!

This year marks the 500th Anniversary of Calvin's birth which specifically was July 10th:
John Calvin (Middle French: Jean Cauvin; 10 July 1509 – 27 May 1564) was an influential French theologian and pastor during the Protestant Reformation. He was a principal figure in the development of the system of Christian theology later called Calvinism. Originally trained as a humanist lawyer, he broke from the Roman Catholic Church around 1530. After religious tensions provoked a violent uprising against Protestants in France, Calvin fled to Basel, Switzerland, where in 1536 he published the first edition of his seminal work Institutes of the Christian Religion.

In that year, Calvin was invited by William Farel to help reform the church in Geneva. The city council resisted the implementation of Calvin and Farel's ideas, and both men were expelled. At the invitation of Martin Bucer, Calvin proceeded to Strasbourg, where he became the minister of a church of French refugees. He continued to support the reform movement in Geneva, and was eventually invited back to lead its church. Following his return, he introduced new forms of church government and liturgy, despite the opposition of several powerful families in the city who tried to curb his authority. During this period, Michael Servetus, a Spaniard known for his heretical views, arrived in Geneva. He was denounced by Calvin and executed by the city council. Following an influx of supportive refugees and new elections to the city council, Calvin's opponents were forced out. Calvin spent his final years promoting the Reformation both in Geneva and throughout Europe.

Calvin was a tireless polemic and apologetic writer who generated much controversy. He also exchanged cordial and supportive letters with many reformers including Philipp Melanchthon and Heinrich Bullinger. In addition to the Institutes, he wrote commentaries on most books of the Bible as well as theological treatises and confessional documents, and he regularly gave sermons throughout the week in Geneva. Calvin was influenced by the Augustinian tradition, which led him to expound the doctrine of predestination and the absolute sovereignty of God in salvation.

Calvin's writing and preaching provided the seeds for the branch of theology that bears his name. The Presbyterian and other Reformed churches, which look to Calvin as a chief expositor of their beliefs, have spread throughout the world. Calvin's thought exerted considerable influence over major religious figures and entire religious movements, such as Puritanism, and some have argued that his ideas have contributed to the rise of capitalism, individualism, and representative democracy in the West.

So here are some thoughts ranging from the Good side, the Bad side and the Down Right Ugly side of John Calvin's Legacy:

First the Good: Baptists and John Calvin, What Baptists Can Learn From Calvin, Why we should know John Calvin

Next the Bad: Calvinism and Fundamentalism,, Southern Baptist Convention Fundamentalist Takeover,, A Baptist Perspective: WILL THE RELIGIOUS RIGHT FORM A THIRD POLITICAL PARTY IN 2008?, Theocratic Dominionism Gains Influence

And finally the Down Right Ugly: Suzanne's Bookshelf: Calvin and Servetus, McAtee Critiques Sproul Jr. On Calvin, Theocracy & Severtus, The Servetus Controversy, The Murder of Michael Servetus.


Anonymous said...

thanks for the website! we are doing a debate in my AP euro class on the attitudes on political authority and social order of Martin Luther vs those of John Calvin and this website is perfect for my research. Thanks again!

TheoPoet said...

Thanks Anonymous hope you did well! Sorry for the slow reply.